LESSON 1: “Islam is the Qur’an Alone”
1) Muslims follow only the Qur’an:
Muslims believe that the Qur’an is the Word of Allah.
Allah says those who reflect and those who are sure will follow nothing as a religious source except the Qur’an (45:2-6).
The Qur’an is the best hadith, and Allah guides by it alone (39:23).
Islam was perfected by the Qur’an (5:3).
Therefore those who uphold anything else as an obligatory religious source are not Muslims.
2) The role of the Prophet:
Nothing was obligatory for the Messenger except delivering the Message ().
The Messenger only followed what was revealed to him ().
The Messenger was only a warner (35:23).
The Arabic Qur’an was revealed to the Messenger so that he could use it to warn the people (, 42:7).
Thus Islam is but the Qur’an and its teachings. The Messenger did not explain the Book, but he gave us the Book explaining all.
3) The Qur’an is clear, complete and fully-detailed for guidance:
The Qur’an emphasises that its non-allegorical verses are clear (3:7).
The Qur’an contains our guidance and makes the guidance clear for all (2:159, 17:9, 34:6).
The Qur’an is already explained by Allah (, 75:19).
Allah says that it is a distinct explanation of all things (12:111).
Therefore the Qur’an is enough for our guidance, and needs no special explanation from humans.
4) The wisdom (al-hikma):
The wisdom (al hikma) comes from Allah through the Qur’an (, 33:34, 36:2, 43:4, 43:63, 54:5).
It is (in part) the ability to recognise truth and adhere to it (2:269, , 26:21, 26:83, 28:14, 31:2, 31:12, 38:20). See -38 for specific examples of the wisdom ().
5) “The Book and the wisdom”:
Use of the word “and” does not mean there is a separateness (e.g. with “the balance” (42:17)). Rather it indicates that one is within the other.
3:79 says that the Messenger was given the Book and the wisdom.
It then says that we should serve Allah by studying and teaching the Book ourselves.
The verse states that although the Messenger is given the Book and the wisdom, we should not become devotees of the Messenger but rather of the Message delivered.
Therefore one obtains the wisdom by studying the Book. One cannot teach the Book without teaching the wisdom, too.
Prophet Isa was also taught the Book and the wisdom (), but people were still expected to judge only by the Injeel ().
That is to say, we must study and teach the Book ourselves, relying on nothing but the Word of Allah.
Every Muslim must judge by the Qur’an alone (-49).
This is why the Messenger’s complaint in the Hereafter will be that people deserted the Qur’an (25:30).
END OF LESSON 1